On January 20, Suzdal, officials of the Ministry of Economic Development discussed the project spatial development Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2030 , prepared by the Ministry of Economic development. The document defines priority areas in this sense - the Far East, North Caucasus, Kaliningrad region, Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, as well as the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation
. Draft Spatial Development Strategy of the Russian Federation has been developed in response to 172-FZ "On the strategic planning in the Russian Federation." Its appearance was a lot of prerequisites, both external and internal. The latter include the absence of a stable population growth, its aging, reducing the proportion of economically active young people. Situation is aggravated by the concentration of the economically active population in the metropolitan areas of the country, as well as differences in the socio-economic development of Russian regions.
The most-actively developing today - Central Federal District. The population in it from 1990 to 2014 increased from 25.7% (of the total population in the country) to 26.6%. Gross regional product grew 24.6% to 35.3% in 1990, in 2014 - leading figures "Izvestia". But the most disadvantaged regions - is the Far East. The population there decreased from 5.4% to 4.2%, the gross regional product - from 6.1% to 5.5%. In addition, the steadily decreasing number of small towns and villages.
The authors say the need for "the development of metropolitan areas and their systems as centers of rapid economic growth", "improvement of the system of settlement", "development of a network of territorially-industrial clusters, focused on high-tech production».
Among the main objectives of the strategy is called the creation of competitive macro-capable, implementing long-term projects of interregional cooperation, providing specialized synergy in terms of the regional economy.
The strategy offers three scenarios for spatial development. The first involves the prolongation of the existing model of spatial development - that is, in fact, a further concentration of population in the country's center and in the most prosperous regions and cities, the growth of the polarization between the growing and depressed regions. In turn, the growth of the competitive scenario is the formation of regional leaders and major agglomerations of the developed system of transport communications.
The third scenario is a diversified spatial growth based on the assumption that each region is unique in terms of not only the economy, but also human capital, the environment and culture. The scenario assumes that the spatial development determined the growth based on domestic sources for each region, as well as effective interaction between them. P>
With regard to the opinions of authoritative experts, todirektor regional program of the Independent Institute of Social Policy Natalya Zubarevich believes that it is premature to discuss the document
. - Macro-regions dragged from concept to concept. What is it for? This idea appeared in mid zero. But we have a federal district. A raised flag on the agglomeration? What is it? Why are they 22? Well, so wanted. I want to emphasize that the papers to life is not affected. No money - again. Instruments that are used do not give much effect - two. As part of the vertically - and this is important in our political system - to ensure that the regions themselves would like to do something, it is not so simple. Simply go to the Ministry of Finance and ask for money - quoted economist "Izvestia". The expert also noted that the scenarios are not counted, not developed and are not attached to the rest of the strategy. However, according to Zubarevich it is "normal for a semi-finished product." The second claim - it has a very weak population distribution section that is happening in the resettlement, with the cities p>.
General Director of "Urbanik" Anton Finogenov also not in favor of enlargement of regions
. - Macro-regions - a topic that requires serious consideration. I still belong to it skeptically. We have a federal district, and there are some questions about the effectiveness of their operation. Because they are, for example, administrative functionality, but they do not have the budget functional. So, to say that the federal district the most widely used, is not necessary. Based on this question. And why not use as widely as possible the management capacity of federal districts in development planning, to create some other additional level, in addition to the federal districts? This question is clearly an inter-agency, it should be discussed not only within the Ministry of Economy. It is fundamental and we are only at the beginning of the path for his consideration - says Finogenov p>.
In our opinion, it is extremely important to create a strategy for balanced development of the Russian regions and responsible tourism is a unifying format that allows you to engage in the process of various ministries and agencies, business, educational and cultural institutions for the purpose of Creating a comfortable and liveable space. Areas filled with a unique sense, and tourism has become the glue that sticks together, united, launches creative processes and recalls the responsibility of all participants in the process of development of territories. Thus, the COT must become part of the Strategy of spatial development of the Russian Federation, as it helps to link different entities. P>